King Taksin Monument

Location :
Located in the centre of Wongwianyai traffic circle on Prajadhipok Road in Thonburi district of Bangkok.
Age :
Built in 1951 during the reign of King Rama IX.
Type of Monument :
Unregistered monument.


In 1934, Thongyu Puttapat, a member of the House of Representatives of Thonburi province, called a meeting with representatives of the province’s subdistricts to discuss a plan to build a monument to King Taksin the Great in the centre of Wongwianyai traffic circle. The plan was approved and a letter requesting the administration of Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena to implement the plan was submitted. However, the government made no response to the request.
In early 1935, a committee was set up to initiate the construction of the King Taksin Monument with Thongyu Puttapat as its chairman. The committee asked Prince Aditaya Dibabha to join the project. The Prince suggested that the statue of King Taksin should portray the image of a warrior and that the committee should create a small replica and submit their plan to Prince Narisara Nuwattiwong.
In July 1935 Prime Minister Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena proposed a detailed plan for the King Taksin Monument to Cabinet. Cabinet passed a resolution to set up a committee to supervise the project. The committee ordered the Fine Arts Department to create seven small versions of proposed King Taksin monuments to be displayed at the Constitution Celebration in 1937. The public voted for their favourite by putting money in a donation box in front of each design. The result was decided by the total number of coins donated for each design, not by the total value of the coins.
The first design won the popular vote with a total of 3,932 votes. The first design had a rectangular base with rounded ends. Each side of the base featured three wooden boards. On top of the base stood the statue of King Taksin on a horse. The left and right sides of the base featured two pictures of soldiers placed one above the other. The upper picture did not have any frame while the lower picture had a three-sided frame. In front of the statue was a set of stairs.
Construction was halted due to World War II and political conflicts in the country, and resumed in 1954 when Thongyu Puttapat and Pethai Chotinuchit, members of Thonburi Municipal Council, revived the project. Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the Prime Minister at the time, the House of Representatives and the Cabinet approved a Bt200,000 budget for the monument construction. Cabinet set up a new committee to supervise the project.
On 22 March 1950, the committee passed a resolution to build the King Taksin Monument in the centre of Wongwianyai traffic circle as the previous committee had approved. Construction of the statue, base and other components was delegated to the Fine Arts Department. Professor Silpa Bhirasri, Dean of the Faculty of Painting and Sculpture, Silpakorn University, designed the statue. The molding was completed in August 1951. The casting of the statue’s head was done in November the same year while the statue casting was completed two years later.
On 17 April 1954, at the invitation of the committee supervising the monument construction, King Bhumibol presided over the opening ceremony. Two days and two nights of celebration were held for the opening ceremony.

Value and Significance

The monument is the first constructed in honour of King Taksin the Great. The construction of the monument was first initiated by the private sector in 1934.

Architectural and Artistic Features

The statue is made of blackened metal and is one and a half times taller than the late King. Professor Silpa portrayed the image of King Taksin as one of the greatest warriors in Thai history with the statue displaying the composed, brave and determined charisma of great warriors. His steed is a strong war horse ready to charge into battle on command to bring a historic victory back to its motherland.
In the statue King Taksin wears a military chief’s uniform and sits straight on his favourite horse. His thighs are pressed against the body of the horse while his feet are in the stirrups, ready to command the horse to charge forward. His left hand holds the reins while the right hand holds a raised sword as a signal to direct his troop to wait for the command to engage in the fight against the enemy.
On his head is a broad-brimmed hat with a feather on top. His face slightly turns towards the left with his chin slightly raised as if evaluating the situation. The eyes portray the late King’s bravery and calm. The eyebrows are pushed together as if in deep thought. Below the moustache, the lips are pressed tight reflecting determination and decisiveness.
The statue’s design reflects Professor Silpa’s view to portray King Taksin the Great as the greatest warrior with strong determination and decisiveness, and a smart and composed King wanting to liberate his country and bring peace and unity back to his people.

Preservation and Restoration

  • No record of preservation and restoration.


สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราชอยู่ในชุดขุนศึก กำลังประทับนั่งบนหลังม้าศึกคู่พระทัย พระวรกายเหยียดตรง พระอูรุ (ต้นขา) ทั้งสองแนบอยู่กับลำตัวอาชา พระบาทสอดอยู่ในโกลนในลักษณะเตรียมพร้อมที่จะตบโกลนเพื่อเตือนให้อาชาคู่พระทัยโลดลิ่วไปข้างหน้า พระหัตถ์ซ้ายทรงกระชับสายบังเหียนเพื่อดึงให้ม้าซึ่งกำลังคึกคะนองหยุดนิ่งอยู่กับที่ พระหัตถ์ขวาทรงถือพระแสงดาบยกชูขึ้นสู่นภากาศในท่าออกคำสั่งให้กองทัพหยุดนิ่งอยู่กับที่เพื่อรอฟังพระบัญชาให้เข้าประจัญบานกับข้าศึก

พระพักตร์ที่ผินไปทางด้านซ้ายเล็กน้อยและพระหนุที่เชิดพองาม บ่งบอกถึงความคาดคะเนและการระแวดระวังในสถานการณ์ พระเนตรทอประกายแห่งความเด็ดเดี่ยวและความสุขุมคัมภีรภาพ พระขนงขมวดเข้าหากันแสดงถึงความครุ่นคิดและไตร่ตรอง พระโอษฐ์ที่มีพระมัสสุประดับอยู่บดแน่นเข้าหากันบ่งบอกถึงความมุ่งมั่นและเด็ดขาดในการตัดสินพระทัย

พระบรมราชานุสาวรีย์สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช เป็นพระบรมรูปทรงม้าที่มีขนาดเท่าครึ่งพระองค์จริง หล่อด้วยสัมฤทธิ์รมดำ

ผนังด้านยาวของแท่นติดตั้งรูปประติมากรรมนูนต่ำด้านละ 2 รูป รวมเป็น 4 รูป

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